Cane Corso Basics
Updated: Mar 30, 2019
Let's talk about registries.
The ICCF vs. AKC vs. Everyone Else
So, what is the difference between all of these registries, you may be asking, and does it matter which registry your dog is in? This isn't a short post but I'll try to give you a brief overview of the basics.
The International Cane Corso Federation is the oldest, most recognized name in the United States for the Corso, established since 1992. Their goal was the preservation of the breed without the politics; meaning, put the dog first, put personal agendas aside, and do not participate in unethical behavior.
The American Kennel Club was established in the United States in 1884. Their motto is, "Always remember; We are a service organization. The dogs are not here for us, we are here for the dogs." They did not recognize the Cane Corso as a breed until 2010. When they did, they opened registration to the AKC for a limited time to Corsos. Many Corso purists thumbed their nose at the AKC, but because the AKC designation on registration papers is so well known in the US and is perceived as superior to other registrations, many owners and breeders caved in an effort to make their dogs more marketable.
The American Canine Association is an American registry that was created in 1984 by breeders. It has labeled itself the largest veterinary health tracking canine registry and claims it is the second largest registry in the US. It is most frequently utilized by puppy mills.
The United Kennel Club (UKC) recognized the Cane Corso as a breed in 2008.
The Society in America for Cane Corso Italiano (SACCI) was established in 2007. They presented Cane Corsos to the UKC in 2008 for acceptance.
The Italian Kennel Club (ENCI) recognized the Corso as Italy's 14th official breed in 1994 after the efforts of a committed group of enthusiasts (the SACC).
The Societa Amatori Cane Corso (SACC) was founded in 1983 by a group of Corso enthusiasts who developed the standard by measuring and documenting a dozen Corsos. That standard was later amended by the ENCI after much needed new bloodlines were added.
The Federation Cinologique Internationale (FCI) was founded in 1911 with the motto "For Dogs Worldwide." The Corso was presented to the FCI in 1990. They requested the SACC to research and identify the Corso bloodlines. In 1992 they were able to prove that the Corso was an indigenous breed of Italy, leading to its official acceptance as the Cane Corso Italiano breed in 1996.
So, what does all this mean? Does it matter which registry your dogs pedigree comes from? Is it important? The simple answer is yes, it does matter, but not necessarily for obvious reasons. Meaning, a shitty dog can have an awesome pedigree and a shitty pedigree can have an awesome dog attached to it. Pretend you have a dog with one of the popular pedigrees and you decide to breed it to another pedigreed dog with a more prestigious pedigree from a recognized registry. There is still a chance that one of their puppies could be born with ten toes, a kinked tail, or wonky hips. Now, let's pretend you have a stunning, conformation perfect, best-personality-ever dog with an ACA pedigree and great hip scores but an undiagnosed, hidden genetic issue you're not aware of since it's a registry created by breeders for breeders. Now, pretend you're adding a Corso to your family because you are an avid hunter and need a tracking dog with a strong prey drive - researching pedigrees of dogs who have strong characteristics in that area would be a great idea and would make sense, right? Absolutely. And, if you were adding a Corso to your family because, ultimately, you want to breed, researching pedigrees of dogs with no genetic issues, solid hip scores (we'll talk about that later), no cherry eye (more on that later, too), kinked tails, etc. would also be a fantastic idea.
Pedigrees matter in the eyes of the beholder. Pop some popcorn and ask that question in any Corso chatroom and wait for the nine million different opinions and arguments for and against each of the registries.